Sperm donation is a procedure in which a man donates semen (the sperm-containing fluid released during ejaculation) to help an individual or couple conceive a baby.
Donated semen can be injected into a woman’s reproductive organs (intrauterine insemination) or used to fertilize mature eggs in a laboratory (in vitro fertilization). The use of donated sperm is called third-party reproduction.
A man making a sperm donation may be known or anonymous to the recipient. Donating sperm to a known recipient is called targeted donation. Before you can donate sperm, you must be screened for medical conditions and other risk factors. It’s also important to understand the potential emotional, psychological, and legal issues of sperm donation.
Why It’s Done
Sperm donation is done to help a person or couple conceive a baby. You can choose to donate seeds to help people who are unable to conceive, e.g. B. a woman who does not have a male partner or a couple suffering from male infertility.
If you donate sperm to a sperm bank, you will likely be paid for any donation that passes the sperm bank’s verification process. The purpose of payment is to compensate you for your time and associated costs. The amount is usually so small that money is not the main incentive to donate.
There are no health risks associated with sperm donation.
How To Prepare
If you are considering sperm donation, consider the long-term implications of your decision. If you make an anonymous donation, please note the following:
- Are you ready to be the birth father of a child or children you may never meet?
- What if the children conceived with the help of your sperm donation would like to meet you one day?
- Will you tell your current or future family of your decision to donate sperm?
- If you’re donating semen to someone you know, you should hire an attorney to draw up a contract that defines your financial and parental rights and responsibilities
Tests The Food and Drug Administration requires basic screening for infectious diseases and certain risk factors before a man can become a sperm donor. Some states and local governments require additional screening tests.
Most sperm banks require donors to be between the ages of 18 and 39. Some seed banks set a maximum age limit of 34 years.
The test involves taking blood and urine samples to check for infectious diseases such as HIV. Checks every six months when providing sperm donations. You are asked to report any changes in your health.
You must submit multiple semen samples. Before each sample is provided, you will likely be asked not to ejaculate through sex or masturbation for at least 48 to 72 hours. The samples are analyzed. for the quantity, quality, and movement of sperm. genetic testing. A blood sample will be tested to determine if you are a carrier of a genetic condition. Ask individual seed banks what testing they do, as some banks do more extensive testing than others.
Family Medical History
You must provide medical history information for at least two previous generations of your family. A history suggesting the presence of a hereditary disease could disqualify you from donating sperm.
You may be asked if you are concerned about your personal information being passed on to your birth children or if you have future contact with them. If you donate your sperm to someone you know, you will likely be asked to discuss your relationship with the recipient. If you have a partner, counseling can also be helpful for him or her.
Personal And Sexual History
You must provide a detailed history of your sexual activity, drug use, and other personal information to show if you have any risk factors for developing an infectious disease such as HIV. Further, You will be asked to provide detailed information about your habits. , education, hobbies, and interests. You may also be asked to provide photos or videos of yourself or audio recordings of your voice. If you test positive for a condition during the screening process, you will be notified and referred for treatment or counseling.
If you pass the screening process, you will be asked to sign a consent form, which will likely indicate that you deny having risk factors for sexually transmitted infections or genetic disorders. It is important to discuss whether you are open to any child conceived using your sperm. Refrain from ejaculating, whether through sex or masturbation, for at least 2-3 days. During the procedure, sperm is usually donated at a sperm bank. He will deliver a semen sample in a sterile cup through masturbation in a private room.
After the procedure, the sample is frozen (cryopreserved) and kept in quarantine for at least six months. Then you will be tested again for infectious diseases such as HIV. If all test results are negative, the frozen sample is thawed and sperm quantity, quality, and movement are reassessed. Sperm samples from some men are more susceptible to damage than others during the freezing process. Damage caused by the freezing process can also differ between samples from the same donor.
If your sperm meets quality standards, you will be selected as a donor. Keep in mind that most sperm banks limit the number of children your sperm can be used to conceive. However, specific guidelines and limits vary.
Constantly donating sperm can be a risk for men who are already suffering from several health conditions. Average men donate sperm two a week, which is the maximum. In case you are having any problems after donating sperm then contact your doctor before donating it for the second time.
The numbers are increasing. Every time a student becomes a donor, they also bring five of their friends, the donor then brings two to three new students to the bank and offers to donate every day. This business is increasing day by day as the new generation is getting more aware. Try it for once, you can make a family happy.